August 25, 2023
min read

Your share of £21M NHS AI Funding, what you need to know

Gaining a stake in harnessing AI for Improved Diagnostics

In an encouraging move for the future of healthcare in the UK, the UK government recently allocated £21 million to propel the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) into the National Health Service (NHS). This funding aims to expedite the delivery of accurate diagnoses, particularly in critical areas like radiology(1). As NHS Trusts and imaging networks prepare to seize this opportunity against an aggressive deadline, fierce competition has emerged to secure their slice of the funding pie.

Here’s what you need to know:

  • Funding secured within a strict timeline; bid by September 4th.
  • Imaging networks must complete a “Programme of Works” for Trusts, endorsed by their respective CEOs, CFOs, CCIOs. 
  • Trusts must also offer supplementary information and submit to FutureNHS website.
  • After assessment by NHS England, those with regional backing will proceed to AIDF panel.
  • Successful networks and Trusts will receive funding by October 16th.
  • “Mini competitions” follow to pick the most impactful AI solutions to be implemented by December 2023.

So how can these healthcare organisations best compete to ensure their desired share of the funding? Let’s take a look at how a successful bid is delivered.

Navigating the Opportunity for AI: Understanding the AI Objective

To apply for the fund, Trusts and networks will need to develop a bid that outlines how they plan to use the money to deploy AI-powered diagnostic tools. As AI affords extensive potential in medical imaging(2), careful consideration must be taken in defining the scope of AI’s utility for the organization.

Identifying the Problem Addressed by the AI Solution: A Crucial First Step

One of the cornerstones of a successful bid is identifying the problem that demands an AI solution. Is the organisation looking to more quickly process an ever-increasing number of Chest X-rays in the UK(3); or is their goal to more accurately detect early cancerous lesions to better affect downstream patient care? Whether it's reducing diagnostic backlogs, enhancing clinical efficiency, or improving patient outcomes, the problem statement should be well-defined, measurable, and aligned with the broader goals of the NHS(4). Without a well-structured problem statement, bids risk falling short in demonstrating their potential impact.

Demonstrating Value for Money: The Question of ROI

While the promise of AI in healthcare is substantial, proving its return on investment (ROI) remains pivotal for bid success(5). NHS Trusts must not only propose effective solutions but also map out how these solutions will translate into tangible benefits. For instance, radiology AI solutions can expedite the detection of abnormalities, leading to quicker diagnosis and treatment decisions, which can reduce the length of hospital stays and associated costs. By the same token, the reduction in radiologist workload due to AI assistance allows these professionals to focus on complex cases, potentially expanding the organisation's revenue streams. Or, AI-driven predictive analytics can optimise resource allocation, ensuring timely patient care while minimizing operational costs. By quantifying the monetary value of their proposals, bidders can strengthen their case for funding.

Navigating the Challenge to AI Adoption: From Validation and Integration to Collaboration

 As the race for funding intensifies, potential challenges come into focus. These hurdles, however, can be navigated with careful planning and collaboration.

Clinical Validation: A Critical Benchmark

To ensure the efficacy of AI solutions, thorough clinical validation is essential. While AI solutions may appear promising on paper, their real-world impact can vary across patient populations and clinical environments due to differences in datasets used to train and validate the AI models(6). Prospective recipients should consider a phased approach, starting with retrospective studies to measure performance metrics against local ground-truth data(7). The Trusts and imaging networks should ideally be able to demonstrate head-to-head comparisons of similar AI solutions for a specific use case, thereby ensuring the most effective AI solution is chosen for the organization’s unique needs. Successful validation will not only bolster the credibility of their bid but also build a case for scaling deployment.

New Technology Adoption: The Mandate to Integrate

Integrating an innovative technology such as AI into a radiology department can pose challenges through change management and interoperability, potentially impacting data privacy compliance and workflow adaptation(8)(9).  Seamless integration of AI with existing systems and electronic health records is vital, and mitigating potential workflow disruptions while ensuring smooth adoption requires meticulous planning. By proactively tackling compatibility and interoperability challenges within funding proposals, Trusts and imaging networks demonstrate their commitment to seamless integration of all planned AI solutions. This approach not only showcases their preparedness for unrestricted AI implementation but also sets their proposal apart through enhanced differentiation. 

Resource Management:  Leveraging Collaborative Networks

As NHS Trusts vie for funding, they need not work in silos. Regional networks provide avenues for collaborative utilisation of resources. Sharing learnings, insights, and successes can expedite the identification of the most effective AI tools. By pooling their experiences, Trusts within these networks can collectively determine the AI applications that best align with their diagnostic needs. Collaborative efforts that bring together multidisciplinary expertise demonstrate a holistic approach to AI integration, helping to establish a more competitive edge while bidding. 

Maximizing Funding Impact: A Strategic Approach

The judicious allocation of resources to yield maximum impact must be demonstrated. Strategic planning is essential to optimize the utilisation of the £21 million fund.

Targeted Deployment: Addressing Critical Areas

Given the breadth of diagnostic challenges, NHS Trusts should prioritize AI applications that address critical and high-impact areas. The deployment of AI tools for analysing chest X-rays, for instance, can significantly expedite lung cancer diagnosis(10)—a common cause of cancer death in the UK. Focusing on solutions with the potential to revolutionise patient care can amplify the positive impact of the funding.

Building Core Partnerships

While AI solutions offer innovation, managing commercial relationships and technical complexities can be daunting for many NHS Trusts. Trusts should look toward market leaders in healthcare technology with proven competencies within the NHS to best streamline AI adoption(11). Such partnerships can aid in the curation of AI solutions during the selection process, handling technical complexities in networking, integration, and deployment, while also overseeing product support and data-quality monitoring. This ultimately conserves precious time and resources that would otherwise be consumed by administrative duties.

Long-Term Sustainability

The funding injection is not merely a short-term fix but an investment in the long-term future of the NHS and its patients. To ensure sustainability, successful bidders should plan for ongoing training, updates, and maintenance of AI solutions. Regular evaluations, coupled with feedback loops from clinicians, can refine AI algorithms, ensuring they remain aligned with evolving diagnostic needs. 

The race to secure a portion of the £21 million AI diagnostic fund represents a pivotal moment in the evolution of the NHS. As NHS Trusts and imaging networks vie for funding, a strategic approach is essential to stand out in a competitive landscape. By defining clear problem statements, validating AI solutions, leveraging evidence, collaborating within networks, and optimising deployment, bidders can enhance their chances of success. Ultimately, this funding isn't just about winning the race—it's about ushering in a new era of diagnostics that promises faster, more accurate care for patients across the UK.

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  1. (Department of Health and Social Care, 2023):
  2. (Potočnik et al., 2023): Current and potential applications of artificial intelligence in medical imaging practice: A narrative review
  3. (RCR, 2023): Radiology Workforce Census
  4. (NHS, 2020): A buyer's guide to AI in health and care
  5. (Tadavarthi et al., 2020): The State of Radiology AI: Considerations for Purchase Decisions and Current Market Offerings
  6. (Bousson et al., 2023): Artificial Intelligence for Detecting Acute Fractures in Patients Admitted to an Emergency Department: Real-Life Performance of Three Commercial Algorithms
  7. (ACR, 2019): Cybersecurity considerations for radiology departments involved with artificial intelligence
  8. (ESR, 2022): Current practical experience with artificial intelligence in clinical radiology: a survey of the European Society of Radiology
  9. (Kelly et al., 2023): Cybersecurity considerations for radiology departments involved with artificial intelligence
  10. (Kwak et al., 2023): Incidentally found resectable lung cancer with the usage of artificial intelligence on chest radiographs
  11. (Omoumi et al., 2023): To buy or not to buy—evaluating commercial AI solutions in radiology (the ECLAIR guidelines)
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